An experienced crew could fire up to one shell every two seconds with a maximum range of 9,000 meters. | 1942 | … “Misdirected” money from a fund normally used to buy property around Paris paid for the program, to the eventual cost of 300 million francs. In the annals of military history magazines, this is one of those moments. At the war’s beginning in 1914, some 4,000 75mm cannons were in the French inventory; thousands more would be produced during the conflict. The 601st Tank Destroyer Battalion used them in the fighting around El Guettar in March 1943, knocking out 30 German tanks while sustaining the loss of 21 M-3s in the effort. As the war progressed, the Germans came to have a healthy respect for the 75. The US Army adopted the 75mm in 1918. 1 Motorized Artillery Reg., 1 Armoured Div. The director, Colonel Albert Deport, took the German gun’s particulars and studied them for three days. as anti-tank guns in 1944. Adopted by the French army in 1897, it was the first gun to be equipped with a hydro-pneumatic recoil system, which allowed the gun to be fired in … Building N-118, Patricia Road, CFB Shilo. The 75mm gun incorporated the first modern recoil system, a fixed round of ammunition (loaded in one step), and a quick firing breech. The French 75: The 75mm M1897 field gun that revolutionized modern artillery Osprey Publishing Osprey New Vanguard 288 ISBN: 9781472839305 2020 Вдогонку к 75mm Mle1897 (подборка документов) att. It has elevation and traversing mechanisms with handles for the gunner on the left hand side of the gun. The US designation of the basic weapon was 75-mm Gun M1897. The director returned to his arsenal to discuss the design with other engineers and officers; they returned after three days of study, saying the weapon’s design was simply not feasible. It saw widespread service in World War I including in the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF). The US decided early in World War I to switch from 3-inch (76 mm) to 75 mm calibre for its field guns. Range of fire was up to four miles. When the gun fired, the fluid was forced down through the port into the second cylinder, compressing the gas until the recoil energy was expended, at which point the gas pushed against the floating piston and forced the fluid back into the first cylinder. How France's Deadly 75mm Cannon Revolutionized Artillery. The recoil system was so effective, it was said, that one could set a glass of water on the carriage’s wheel and it would not spill during firing. Anyone wanting access to the museum or kitshop MUST book an appointment. One American battalion used its guns individually, taking advantage of the 75’s high firing rate to dupe the Germans into thinking an entire battery was in action. The French 75mm Gun Was a Staple of WWI by Warfare History Network A regiment of Bavarian infantry advanced quietly in the dark, rising from … There have been countless thousands of published works devoted to all or of it. These roaming sections would move frequently, towing the 75 behind a truck rather than the usual team of horses. 75mm French Field Gun Mle 1897 Modified 1938: Number: 35056: Scale: 1:35 : Type: Full kit : Released: 2019 | Initial release - new tool: Barcode: 5907747901360 (EAN) Topic: 75 mm Field gun Schneider » Cannons (Guns) The End! Initially produced under great secrecy, with details of its design jealously guarded by the French government, the soixante-quinze went on to have a long, worldwide history of service that lasted well into World War II. Development began under the strictest secrecy. The gun belongs to an antiaircraft battery (DCA) deployed in the dunes of Malo-Les-Bains. (Read more about the artillery and weapons that shaped the 20th century inside the pages of Military Heritage magazine. Decades later, the French 75 was still firing shots in anger, continuing to serve in both artillery and antitank roles. When the Americans entered the war in 1917, there were severe shortages of all sorts of military equipment, including artillery. Firing over open sights, the crew picked the closest machine gun nest, only a few hundred yards away, and fired. Secrecy about the new 75 was maintained even after the cannon entered service with the French Army. Most of the nests were knocked out with just a single round, and soon all the German nests within a radius of 1,000 yards lay silent. The versatile and mobile French 75mm cannon was a revolutionary design that saw widespread use during both world wars. By the war’s end, American 75s had fired more than six million rounds in all, mostly in conventional barrages to support attacks or defend against enemy assaults. 1897(1897 Pattern cannon), was one of most important artillery systems ever. The French soixante-quinze, in typical American fashion, was pronounced “saucy can,” and the doughboys of the American Expeditionary Force found it accurate and reliable. It changed the world more than any other single event in history. But there’s NEVER been anything like THIS before. These included a separate sighting device not attached to the gun tube, which enabled the sight be moved independently of the barrel. The French Model 1897 75mm cannon was a quick-firing, accurate, and dependable artillery piece that became practically the quintessential Allied cannon in World War I. 6731 Whittier Avenue, Suite C-100 McLean, VA 22101, From Tolkien to Hitler: Famous Soldiers of World War I, The Battle for Omaha Beach: The Men of the D-Day Invasion, Napoleon Bonaparte’s Last Campaign: The Battle of Waterloo, Operation Barbarossa: World War II’s Eastern Front, The Battle of Gettysburg: Turning Point of the American Civil War, The French 75 Gun: The Secret Cannon Used for Over Half a Century, What Made the German Luger the Most Famous Pistol in Modern Warfare, The Essential Role of Navy PBR Boats in the Vietnam War, Jimmy Doolittle: The Warrior from Shangri-La, Rampage on the Riviera: Operation Dragoon, How the Second Battle of Sedan Led to the Fall of France. It was introduced in 1897 and was the first fully integrated quick-firing gun. Kit no. Weight of Projectile: 7.25 kilograms (16 pounds), Detachment: Gun, towing Luckily, the French could produce enough 75s to equip both armies as well as provide ammunition and training facilities for the arriving Americans, who took an immediate liking to their new cannon. Most modern at a time of its design, it remained in a frontline service until World … But in the spartan fiscal atmosphere of the 1920s and 1930s, the new weapon stayed in the experimental phase. The seat was only really useful if the gun’s recoil was sufficiently managed by the new recoil system to keep the gun from jumping when fired. At its introduction, the 75 represented a huge leap ahead in artillery technology, heralding in a new era of fast-firing, deadly cannons. In the hands of a highly trained gun crew, rates of fire as high as 30 rounds per minute were possible. There they served as both artillery and tank destroyers with good effect during their first combat service. Otherwise, the gunner would be thrown off when the gun jumped. They adopted the French pattern of equipping their batteries with four guns each instead of six, since the 75’s rate of fire meant that a four-gun battery had the same firepower as a normal six-gun unit. 75mm French Field Gun entered service in French Army in 1898. The weapon had advanced to the trial stage but had failed during testing. This would put four rounds on the target in only six seconds, equal to all the guns of a battery firing at once. To book an appointment call 204-765-3000 ext 4563. To book an appointment call 204-765-3000 ext 4563. The tube was eight feet, three inches long, which equated to 33 calibers (the length of the tube divided by the diameter). When rotated, the notch exposed the chamber so a round could be inserted, then the block was rotated back and closed. The French 75mm Field Gun (“Matériel de 75mm Mle 1897”) is widely considered to be the first modern artillery piece. Although the French were attempting to design a whole new class of cannon, they did not hesitate to adopt features from other guns they thought might work. When the M1897 or M1897M1 carriages are equipped with handspike, model designation of the M1897 carriage is changed to M1897M1A2 and of the M1897M1 carriage is changed to M1897M1A2. By 1945, the weapon had been eclipsed by new designs, but the 75 remains perhaps the quintessential Allied artillery piece of World War I. antonkachinskiy PDF .JPG отсюда Field guns that were small and light enough for easy transport would literally fly off their wheels at each shot, requiring the gun to be set back into position and aimed again before the next round was fired. It also had an innovative recoil system that made for a smoother operation. As the man watched, a French battery of four 75s opened fire on the Germans and “demolished the material and killed almost all the cannoneers, directed its fire on the limbers posted in the bottom land and killed a great number of horses.”. The 75-mm gun carriage M1897 (French) was designed and manufactured in France. Hours of Operation: Monday to Friday from 10:00 AM to 4:00 PM. The four guns fired 80 more rounds into the fleeing Germans, completing the rout. Its official French designation was: Matériel de 75mm Mle 1897. Its preferred gun for re-equipment was the French 75 mm Model of 1897, but early attempts to produce it in the US using US commercial mass-production techniques failed, partly due to delays in obtaining necessary French plans, and then their being incomplete or inaccurate, and partly because US industry was not equipped to work to metric measurements. 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